Nuts are an important component of the Iberian pig’s diet, as they provide a source of fats and proteins that are essential for its growth and development.
In particular, acorns are the Iberian pig’s food par excellence in its fattening stage during the Montanera. These fruits contain a high amount of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are beneficial for the animal’s health and provide it with the energy necessary to accumulate the intramuscular fat that characterises acorn-fed Iberian hams.
In addition to acorns, other nuts such as walnuts, hazelnuts and almonds can also form part of the diet of the Iberian pig. These fruits contain a good amount of proteins, vitamins and minerals, which complement the animal’s diet and contribute to improving the quality of the meat.
It is important to stress that the Iberian pig’s diet is one of the determining factors in the quality of the final product. A diet rich in acorns and other nuts helps to improve the flavour, aroma and texture of Iberian hams and sausages, making them one of the most highly valued and appreciated products in Spanish gastronomy.