The housing of pigs is a common practice in the pig industry, which consists of keeping animals in closed enclosures with the aim of controlling their feeding, growth and reproduction.
There are different types of housing, such as cage housing, pen housing, house housing or group housing systems. In general, lairage allows better health control of the animals, as hygiene and disinfection measures can be carried out more easily.
In addition, housing allows better control of feeding, as the animals can be provided with a balanced and nutrient-controlled diet. Environmental factors, such as temperature and humidity, can also be controlled to ensure a suitable environment for pig growth and reproduction.
However, housing also has some disadvantages, such as limited space for the animals and lack of natural exercise. This can lead to behavioural problems, such as aggression between pigs.
Therefore, it is important that housing is carried out in a responsible and welfare-friendly way, providing pigs with an enriched environment that allows them to perform natural behaviours, such as foraging and movement. In addition, appropriate biosecurity measures must be ensured to prevent the spread of diseases.